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Why Nepal hates India: Phanindra, UNNF wants Delhi to return occupied territory


Professor Phanindra a Nepali patriot leads the United Nepal National Front (UNNF) for the recovery of Nepalese lands from Bharat. The UNNF has submitted a memorandum to the Indian prime minister through the Indian embassy in Kathmandu, demanding return of Nepali territory merged into British India as per the Sugauli Treaty (1816).Nepalnews.com

Shastra Dutta Pant, PhD says that “The total area of Nepal was 204, 917 sq. km. The Sugauli Treaty reduced Nepal into 147; 141 sq. km. Nepal’s territory still left to India is 63,776 sq. km. India has to return this territory, the proof of which is discussed hereafter….(http://completenepal.wordpress.com/2010/06/12/issues-of-the-greater-nepal-historical-reference-and-legal-questions/)
The British left India without resolving the issues of the territory of Gowa, Daman, Dyuk, Jammu, and Kashmir, Laddakh, Hyderabad and other Nepali territory. Later, India forcibly absorbed remaining territory. India had made an attempt to forcibly absorb Jammu-Kashmir and controversial territory with China.
Dr. Pant adds:
But India could not annex two powerful countries China and Pakistan. The British had clearly delineated the boundaries of Sri-Lanka, Bangladesh, Sikkim and Pakistan except Nepal. Still, the half of the total Nepalese territory lies in India. We call the greater Nepal including our lost territory lying in India. The area of greater Nepal had expanded up to the Ganges plain in the south and the Tista River in the east The origin of the Satlaj River – the far eastern one out of five rivers closer to Lahore, Amritsar- was the western border of Nepal.
Pant further adds:
The map of greater Nepal is safely kept at national museum, Chhauni in Kathmandu. According to this map, half of the total territory of Nepal lies in India. India has forcibly kept this territory under its grip. Kuwait could become independent from Saddam Hussein because of the support of the western countries like USA. But no nation raises voice against the injustice of India over Nepal. Sunguali Treaty and the letter of exchange between Nepal and India should be interpreted in light of India’s bullying attitude and its colonial mindset. It is equally necessary to analyze 1950’s treaty to understand problems resulted from the open border
Nepal has always suffered at the hands of Delhi. This probably stems from the fact that Nepal is a Hindu majority country and Delhi wanted it to join the “Indian Union” — a conglomeration of more than 560 states.
Nepal, the Gorkha Kingdom, itself was an amalgamation of three mini-states. It was Founded by Prithvi Narayan Shah (1768–1775), a Gorkha king who succeeded in unifying the kingdoms of Kathmandu, Patan and Bhaktapur into a single state. It existed for 240 years under the formal rule of the Shah dynasty during which time it failed to invade Tibet and then lost one third of its territory (Terrai and Sikkim) to the British as a restult of the 1816 Sugauli Treaty with the East India Company. Other than Sikkim Kalapaani is currently being occupied by India’s Indo-Tibetan border security forces since the 1962 border war with China. The Maoists formed a government after the 2008 Nepalese Constituent Assembly election.
In the 1950s, at the epetomy of Bharati imperialism, when Nehru claimed half of China and called it a “Tibet’–the South Block in Delhi engineered intrigue in Khamandu. Delhi supported the conspiracy by pumping up the Ranas against the kings. The Ranas were in open conflict with King Tribhuvan implicated in Nepali Congress Party conspiracy against Rana power. He seeks and is granted asylum in India. Government troops desert to the rebel side and over 140 Ranas joined the dissidents. Delhi saw an opportunity to get Nepal to sign the so called “Treaty of Peace and Friendship” and Treaty of Trade and Commerce. Both are hated by Patriotic Nepalese. This was the same type of treaty that was signed with Bangladesh–and which was torn up by the August 14th revotion in 1975 when the Bharati puppet was killed in Dhaka and the Rakhi Bahni (the Indian occupation force) was kicked out of Muslim Bengal.
The leader of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) Prachanda on April 24, 2008 stated that the 1950 treaty would be scrapped and a new pact would be negotiated with India, which also signalled its willingness to review the treaty. Delhi stepped in and has been playing power politics which has resulted in an impasse in Khamandu.
Most Nepalese feel that the Ino-Nepali “Treaty of Friendship” was lopsided and totally in Delhi’s favor. Two areas Kalapani and Susta that obviously fall under Nepali territory but Bharat occupies some 60 thousand hectares of Nepali land in 61 places across the country. The total area invaded by India in Kalapani stands at 36 thousand hectares whereas in Susta some 14 thousand hectares of land has been encroached by the “big brother”.
Dirgha Raj Prasai has written a fantastic article in a Nepalese newspaper titled “Starting again the Conspirator role of Indians” dated 3rd Dec. It is a fascinating read and gives us deep rooted animosity towards Bharat which has tried to engulf it — as it did with Hyderabad and Sikkim and as it attempted to do with Kashmir, Bhutan and Sylhet.
This is what Dirgha Raj Prasai reports from Kathmandu, Nepal–
“Yes ! Indian conspirators are again coming to sabotage Nepal. Karan Singh was the same man who had deceived Nepalese monarchy-2006. In the name of consensus with the traitors who were and are the Indian agents-Congress, UML and Maoist, Indian leaders and diplomats started anarchism in Nepal.
Now the same conspirator-who was active to format the Bbauram Bhattarai as a PM in the name of 4 point agreement with corrupts Madhesi leaders- Aalok Joshi has appointed the RAW chief. In such situation, all the Nepalese nationalist should be census and active to save Nepal and its prestige.
Maosits in Nepal have been very Anti-Indian, and that is the reason why Bharat is so sacred of the Red revolution in Nepal–because it fears the red revolution spreading to the rest of India. Here is Bevash expressing his opinions.
“The open border is always operating at the pleasure of Indian interest. India has time and again used the open border issue to threaten Nepal whenever it feels that Nepal is not responding to its interest. There are incidents of major transit points closed for long duration by India without consulting Nepal as a punishment for dealing with other countries without India’s prior knowledge and consent.
However, after the birth of Maoist insurgency in Nepal, and especially in the past few years, India is also feeling the heat of negative implication of the left-wing and anti-Indian coordination in both countries that is linked to its internal security concern. So, it is the time for not only Nepal, but also India to rethink its strategic policy about the open border in the changing context of regional security as well as cross border undesirable activities. Being a small country, Nepal is suffering more from India in the negative consequences of the unregulated movement of population across the open border.”
Veteran border expert Buddhi Narayan Shrestha said that the official claim that the boundary problem between the two countries is just confined to Kalapani and Suata is grossly fallacious. He says that “China has already recognized Kalapani as an integral part of Nepal.”
This is what Prasia says:
Cordial people to people level relations between Nepal and India has existed since the ancient times. We have to retain friendly relations with India for we share similar culture and religious traditions. But sadly Indian congress, ever since coming to power has been striving to destabilize Nepal. India, through its intelligence agency ‘RAW’, has been found continuously involved in destabilizing our national identities – royal institution, Hindu Kingdom and national language, which were developed along with the ideology of national unity, security and national identity.”
Barrister Munshi, a Bangladeshi analyst in his book also makes several charges against RAWs invovlement in Bangladesh and Nepal.
Dirgha Raj Prasai advocates the monarchy, something that is opposed by Delhi. “The permanent institution of ‘Nepalese monarchy’ can unite the nation as it had done since ancient time. Monarchy is still a popular institution. In between the two big neighbors-China & India, the monarchy has been playing a balanced role. So, Nepalese monarchy is the most convincing identity of Nepal’s independence and its sovereignty.”
Dirgha Raj Prasai informs us that Delhi doesn’t really get it. He says:
But, Indians did not and do not like to understand the reality. The republic setup is not in the interest of this country, instead it is fatal. We will honorably fight against such anti national injustice resonant in republic setup and secularism. So, all the organs of the state shall unite, and in accordance with the 1990 Constitution and in presence of the King, we shall strengthen this Hindu Kingdom. It is the duty of all Nepalese, whether in political parties or outside, Nepal Army and even the nationalists in the Maoists’ party to save this nation.
Dr. Abdul Rauff an Indian from Hyderabad quotes Professor, Phanindra:
Led by a Nepali literature professor, Phanindra Nepal, the Unified Nepal National Front is asking India and Britain to separate certain areas from four Indian states and return them to Nepal since they were part of Nepal‘s territory in the 19th century. ‘If our demand is not heeded now, one day, it is going to become an even bigger issue in India than Kashmir,’ the 58-year-old Nepali told IANS. ‘I have visited these areas and found that Nepalis of Indian origin as well as Nepalis forced to seek menial jobs in India support the demand.’
Dr. Rauff further adds:
Nepal also lost tracts of fertile land in its southern Terai plains but recovered that from the British later for helping the East India Company in 1857 to put down the Indian rebellion against the colonial rulers. Now, the Front is seeking to get back the conceded territory that is still part of India. ‘This is a just and legitimate demand,’ says Nepal. ‘In 1950, an independent India signed a treaty of peace and friendship with Nepal and both sides agreed that the earlier bilateral pacts signed during the British rule stood scrapped. ‘Therefore, the Sugauli Treaty is now invalid and India has no further rights to the ceded Nepali territory.’
Last year, the Front unveiled a new map of Nepal, depicting the Himalayan republic with the addition of the land lying in India. It also sent a memorandum to Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh as well as Britain‘s Queen Elizabeth II, pointing out that Britain also has the responsibility of resolving the dispute since it was party to it.
Nepal wants the land saying that India has a precedent of returning ceded territory. ‘The Indo-Bhutan Treaty of 1949 returned to Bhutan a 32 sq km strip of land known as Diwangiri,’ it says. Nepal feels the demand would become a mass movement once Nepalis realise how they would benefit from it. ‘Nepal would get back about 100,000 sq km,’ he says. ‘It will extend Nepal‘s borders till Bhutan and Bangladesh.. ‘This means Nepal will no longer be bound by India or dependent on it for trade.’
Professor makes the case for “Greater Nepal”:
British-India gave back some territories, located in the mid and western Terai as per the terms and condition. In this way, the Shah Kings with their great effort enlarged small Gorkha kingdom from 250 sq. km. to 500 times greater Nepal during their seventy years’ arduous effort.
As per the term and conditions of the Sugauli Treaty, some areas located in the east-west and southern parts were on lease temporarily. Later, Nepal would get back gradually. The area kept on lease had occupied more than 64,000 sq. km. The treaty had fixed the Tista and the Mahakali River as border in the east and west respectively. The Company Government had only activated its administrative activities in between Mechi and Tista, thinking that Nepal would again advance towards the east. In fact, greater Nepal, the real Nepal, of which land has been kept haughtily by India as done by Iraq to the case of Kuwait calling it its 19th state. One needs to analyze the history of Nepal and India and the treaties and understandings held between the two countries to understand how the above- mentioned land absorbed by India belongs to Nepal.
Indo-Nepal War
British-India declared war in 1814 A.D. to annex Nepal into its territory. The British troop deployed in Morang, Bara & Parsha had to embrace defeat. Then the British troops attacked Jiatgargh fort in Butwal but it was defeated by Nepalis troops. Therefore, they could not dare to attack Palpa. In 1814, British General Gillespie was forced to flee from Nalapani. However, later Nepali troop led by Balbhadra had to return from Nalapani due to internal political crisis of Nepal that resulted in the treaty of Sugauli.
Source: rupeenews

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