BRUSSELS, (AFP):- Washington and Brussels hailed an opportunity to restore frayed ties Friday as US President Joe Biden and EU leader Ursula von der Leyen suspended tit-for-tat trade tariffs.
A 16-year-old transatlantic dispute over subsidies for rival planemakers Boeing and Airbus had loomed over hopes that Donald Trump’s departure would herald warmer relations.
But Biden and von der Leyen’s phone call on Friday led to a four-month suspension in billions of dollars of tariffs, and what the White House said was an opportunity “to repair and revitalise the US-EU partnership.”
The call was the European Union chief’s first with Biden since he came to office, although the pair did talk in November when he was already US president-elect.
“I was glad to speak to President Biden this afternoon –- the first of many exchanges and the start of a good personal partnership,” von der Leyen, the president of the European Commission, said in a statement.
“President Biden and I agreed to suspend all our tariffs imposed in the context of the Airbus-Boeing disputes, both on aircraft and non-aircraft products, for an initial period of four months.”
The trans-Atlantic dispute over government aid to the world’s biggest planemakers saw Brussels and Washington each impose punitive tariffs, including US duties on a record $7.5 billion in European goods.
Each side has won WTO rulings in the aviation dispute that authorised punitive tariffs on other products to compensate for allegedly irregular subsidies to the planemakers.
Washington has imposed tariffs on European products like wine, cheese and olive oil, and 15 percent tariffs on Airbus.
And the EU levied additional customs duties on $4 billion worth of American products including Boeing planes and farm produce such as wheat and tobacco, plus alcoholic spirits and chocolate.
Biden initially maintained the duties imposed by Trump, but von der Leyen said in her statement that she hoped the suspension signalled a “fresh start”.
On Thursday the United States and Britain — which hosts an Airbus plant and was part of the EU when the dispute started — also agreed to suspend retaliatory tariffs for four months.
Von der Leyen said her call with Biden had gone well, and touched on many other aspects of trans-Atlantic relations.
“We both committed to focus on resolving our aircraft disputes, based on the work our respective trade representatives,” she said.
“This is excellent news for businesses and industries on both sides of the Atlantic, and a very positive signal for our economic cooperation in the years to come.”
A joint statement issued by both parties stressed that the resolution of the dispute would lead to closer cooperation in other areas, and reinforce the western allies as they review ties with a rising China.
“This will allow the EU and the US to ease the burden on their industries and workers and focus efforts towards resolving these long running disputes at the WTO,” it said.
Resolving the Airbus-Boeing spat will include, they said, “addressing the trade distortive practices of and challenges posed by new entrants to the sector from non-market economies, such as China.”
EU member France, which hosts Airbus’ biggest plant, hailed the truce as a “first step in a de-escalation process” but warned that it would approach talks on future rules for the transatlantic aviation sector “without any naivety”.
Airbus also welcomed the deal and said it would continue to press for a negotiated solution and an end to tariffs that it said only hurt both sides in the row.
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