‘Super cyclone’ Amphan batters Bangladesh, India
NEW DELHI, (AFP):- The strongest cyclone in decades slammed into Bangladesh and eastern India on Wednesday, sending water surging inland and leaving a trail of destruction as the death toll rose to at least nine.
High winds and torrid rains pounded coastal villages and cities, bringing down power lines, uprooting trees and inundating homes.
“The situation is more worrying than the coronavirus pandemic. We don’t know how to handle it,” India’s West Bengal state leader Mamata Banerjee told reporters late Wednesday.
“Almost everything is destroyed in the coastal villages of the state… It uprooted many trees and inundated many roads in (the capital city) Kolkata.”
Authorities had scrambled to evacuate more than three million people from low-lying areas, but the task was complicated by the need to prevent the spread of coronavirus.
In Bangladesh officials confirmed six deaths including a five-year-old boy and a 75-year-old man, both hit by falling trees, and a cyclone emergency volunteer who drowned.
Three more died after being hit by uprooted trees in West Bengal, the state’s disaster management minister Javed Khan told AFP.
Two other fatalities were reported by Indian media, including an infant crushed when the mud wall of the family’s hut collapsed in heavy rain in Odisha state. AFP could not verify the deaths.
Heavy rains and winds up to 113 kilometres per hour (70 mph) lashed Kolkata — home to some 14.7 million people — plunging some of the historic city into darkness as power and communication lines were knocked out.
– Storm surges –
Amphan is the first “super cyclone” to form over the Bay of Bengal since 1999, and packed winds gusting up to 185 kilometres per hour.
It brought a storm surge — a wall of ocean water that is often one of the main killers in major weather systems — that roared inland for several kilometres, media reports said.
In southwestern Bangladesh, a five-feet-high storm surge broke an embankment and swamped a large area of farmland, a local police officer told AFP.
Bangladesh officials were particularly concerned about the damage to the Sunderbans, a UNESCO world heritage site famed for its mangrove forest and tiger population, which they said bore the brunt of the cyclone.
“We still haven’t got the actual picture of the damage. We are particularly concerned over some wild animals. They can be washed away during storm surge in high tide,” forest chief Moyeen Uddin Khan told AFP.
AFP / Dibyangshu SARKAR
A man rides a bicycle under the rain ahead of the expected landfall of Cyclone Amphan in Midnapore, West Bengal, on May 20, 2020
Houses “look like they have been run over by a bulldozer”, said Babul Mondal, 35, a villager on the edge of the Indian side of the Sunderbans.
“Everything is destroyed.”
Bangladesh’s low-lying coast, home to 30 million people, and India’s east are regularly battered by cyclones that have claimed the lives of hundreds of thousands of people in recent decades.
The 1999 super cyclone left nearly 10,000 dead in Odisha, eight years after a typhoon, tornadoes and flooding killed 139,000 in Bangladesh.
In 1970, half a million perished.
While the frequency and intensity of storms have increased — blamed partly on climate change — casualties have fallen thanks to faster evacuations, better technology and more shelters.
– Virus complications –
Bangladesh authorities had feared Amphan will be the most powerful storm front since Cyclone Sidr killed about 3,500 people in 2007.
Enamur Rahman, Bangladesh’s junior minister for disaster management, told AFP 2.4 million people and over half a million livestock were brought to shelters.
India evacuated more than 650,000 in West Bengal and Odisha.
Because of coronavirus, authorities used extra shelter space to reduce crowding, while making face masks compulsory and setting aside isolation rooms.
Infection numbers are still soaring in both countries.
Sulata Munda, a tribal villager in Bangladesh, said she and fellow villagers decided not to go to a shelter.
“We fear the cyclone, but we also fear the coronavirus,” the mother of four told AFP.
At a school in the coastal town of Dacope where more than 200 locals were sheltered, masks were in short supply.
– Rohingya refugee fears –
Although outside Amphan’s predicted path, there were fears for the almost one million Rohingya refugees in southeastern Bangladesh — most living in flimsy, makeshift shacks.
The first coronavirus cases have been reported in the teeming camps over the past week.
There were also concerns for hundreds of Rohingya thought to be out at sea in rickety boats and denied entry by Thailand and Malaysia in recent weeks because of coronavirus restrictions.