JUMLA: The Tatopani rural municipality in Jumla has begun printing text books from Grade 1 to 3 in Nepal’s historic Khas language. With the new books, the rural municipality is planning to begin classes in Khas language from mid-May.
Chairperson of the rural municipality Nawaraj Neupane said the historical, religious and local language style have been included in the text books. The printing of books for Grade 4 and 5 has however been delayed, as the writing of the books took more time.
The local Khas language will now be a medium for education in all the community schools in the rural municipality, according to chair Neupane. There are 28 community schools in the rural municipality.
Tatopani hence becomes the first of the eight local level governments in Jumla to produce its own text books and in local mother tongue.
According to Wikipedia, Nepali Devanagari, known by the endonym Khas Kura also known as Gorkhali or Parbatiya, is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari. It is the official language of Nepal and one of the official status-gained languages of India. It is spoken mainly in Nepal and by about a quarter of the population in Bhutan. In India, Nepali is listed in the Eighth Schedule to the Constitution as an Indian language, with official status in the state of Sikkim, and spoken in Northeast Indian states such as Assam and in West Bengal’s Darjeeling district. It is also spoken in Burma and by the Nepali diaspora worldwide. Nepali developed in proximity to a number of Indo-Aryan languages, most notably the other Pahari languages and Maithili, and shows Sanskrit influence. However, owing to Nepal’s location, it has also been influenced by Tibeto-Burman languages. Nepali is mainly differentiated from Central Pahari, both in grammar and vocabulary, by Tibeto-Burman idioms owing to close contact with this language group.
According to the 2011 national census, 44.6 percent of the population of Nepal speaks Nepali as a first language. and 32.8 percent speaks Nepali as a second language. The Ethnologue website reports 12,300,000 speakers within Nepal (from the 2011 census).
(Copper Inscription by King of Doti, Raika Mandhata Shahi at Saka Era 1612 (1747 Bikram Samvat) in old Khas language using Devanagari script. Photo Source: Mandhata Shahi Wikipedia)
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