A latest study Global Corruption Barometer Survey (GCBS) 2013 conducted by Transparency International (TI) said that political parties top the list of corruption indices among a dozen institutions in Nepal
The dozen institutions include political parties, civil service, police, legislature/parliament, judiciary, private sector, military, educational institutions, nongovernmental organizations, medical and health service and religious organizations.
57 percent people included in the survey in Nepal believe that cases of corruption have highly increased in the last two years. Likewise, 69 percent respondents believe that corruption is a serious problem in public sector, 42 percent say personal contact is important to access public services, while 67 percent believe the government effort to fight graft is ineffective.
Similarly, 70 percent believe political parties are the most corrupt institutions, followed by public service and bureaucracy (66 percent), police (58 percent), parliament (51 percent), judiciary (51 percent) and private sector (30 percent) in the top five places. Under the category, only 14 percent believe media is the least corrupt sector.
Earlier in 2011 also, political parties were in the top rank in the corruption list. The highest number of respondents, nearly 40 per cent said that they paid bribes while receiving land related services.
On lodging complaint against corruption cases, 61 percent responded positively whereas 43 percent say they are not aware about any institution to file their complaints and another 39 percent believe that they are not optimistic about action even if such complaints are lodged. 86 percent however believe citizens have a significant role in controlling corruption.
The GCBS is a TI initiative started from 2003 and the study is carried out in 107 countries around the world. Nepal was included in the survey beginning 2011, with the present study being only the second edition for the country. A total of 100 households—53 percent males and 47 percent females— from all 58 municipalities of Nepal were included in the study.
Likewise, the Amnesty International has said that the governments need to make sure that there are strong, independent and well-resourced institutions to prevent and redress corruption adding that too many people are harmed when these core institutions and basic services are undermined by the scourge of corruption. Nepal is also in the top list of most corrupt countries of the world in the TI ranking. However the political parties are yet to react on the report.
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