GENEVA: Prime Minister KP Sharma Oli has said Nepal has redefined the notion of life-long job by social protection to all workers irrespective of their nature of job, ensuring fair balance between flexibility and social security. This, he said, has legally ended the dichotomy of formal versus informal sector.
In his Statement to the 108th Session (Centenary) of the International Labour Conference in Geneva, Switzerland today, Prime Minister Oli said, ” Our laws do not discriminate workers on the basis of their status – regular or irregular, outsourced or contractual and those coming from organized or informal sector. This way we have successfully concluded the process of formalizing the informal sector.”
Nepal is endowed with vast natural resources as well as rich demographic dividend, which makes future of the world of work in Nepal highly promising. Nepal’s democratic Constitution is founded on the ideals of equality, non-discrimination, and social justice. Stating that Nepal’s Constitution embodies social justice, right against exploitation, rights to work, remuneration and social security as well as right to trade union and collective bargaining, the Prime Minister said that the right to education, health care, food, housing, culture and language are guaranteed as fundamental rights of our people. The government has enacted a number of implementing legislations to enforce the fundamental rights, including those related to the world of work.
Prime Minister Oli said Nepal has launched an ambitious and comprehensive social security scheme to the working people last November, which is being implemented through contribution from both the workers and employers and covers benefits such as unemployment, maternity, sickness, old age, accident, dependent family members, and disability. “For past 25 years, Nepal has been providing old age pension to the senior citizens, and monthly allowances to single women and those coming from the most marginalized section of our society. And there has been gradual increment in the amount and coverage of this critical cash hand-out.”
This year in February, Nepal launched yet another employment based social security scheme under the Prime Minister Employment Program. This flagship program aims to create jobs, guarantees employment to every working age citizen, provides allowances in case of unemployment, promotes innovation and entrepreneurship, and supports skilling, re-skilling and up-skilling.
Likewise, to change the production relations, Nepal has introduced new sets of labour laws that safeguard dignity of work, guarantee equal pay for the equal value of work, and ensure flexibility in the world of work. The Trade Union Act protects collective rights of our workers in line with ILO Conventions 87 and 98.
Referring to the Joint Trade Union Coordination Centre, Prime Minister Oli said Nepal practices a unique example of unity in diversity of trade unions. “This distinct forum of workers represents all working people in Nepal to engage in social dialogue and promotes their interest in a spirit of solidarity and harmonious labour relations. Presence of tripartite forum at the centre has resulted in improved labour relations that have brought down the labour disputes almost to nought.”
Furthermore, the Government ensures employer’s compliance through labour audit that provides an opportunity for reflection, self-assessment and improvement. Labour inspection and inspection of occupational safety and health are the integral part of labour audit. The world of work in Nepal has voluntarily evolved a social contract to implement rights related issue and engage in collective agreements to safeguard the interests.
Prime Minister Oli said the present government is focused on realizing the national aspiration of ‘Prosperous Nepal, Happy Nepali’. For prosperity we need skilled labour and this helps foster prosperity, which should lead to happiness. In this context, we want to define it as ‘skilled workers, prosperous Nepal, happy Nepali’ to underpin our agenda for decent work, wage and workplace.
“Nepal being a country of origin as well as destination, we consider that the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration (GCM) adopted in December last year provides a framework for cooperation”, Oli said while noting that Nepal’s role in the ILO Governing Body and UN Human Rights Council is informed by the basic premises of GCM to make labour migration safe, orderly and beneficial to all.
Investing in people’s capabilities, promoting entrepreneurship and creating decent jobs are critical to cope with the changes. We must ensure gender equality, strengthen social protection, respect social dialogue, and guarantee rights at work.
As the climate change is raising demands in green jobs, climate actions will be most effective if they begin at the World of Work, he said, while noting that green jobs would be the stepping-stones towards green economy. Adequate wages and time sovereignty go hand in hand. That is the sign of prosperity and wellbeing of all workers.
Prime Minister Oli also said that ILO has a role to play that this core principle of Philadelphia Declaration is upheld at all time. “Persistent unemployment of youth breeds political instability and engenders poverty. We must end this situation.”
Stating that Nepal intends to end all forms of deprivation and exploitation, ensure equitable development and establish a socialism-oriented state as envisioned by its Constitution, Prime Minister Oli said Nepal aims to end the worst form of child labour by 2022 and all forms of child labour by 2025.
The Prime Minister said today is the time to uphold ILO’s founding ideals and demonstrate that they continue to be relevant in furthering the value of human worth, equality, social justice and sustainable future and appeal to all to deliberate on how ILO can secure its own future and that of its tripartite constituents. He also expressed the confidence that the outcome document of this Centenary event adequately reflects on that important aspect of the organization.
Comment here !
KATHMANDU:- A meeting of the CPN (UML) Central Secretariat is being held at the party’s central office in Chyasal at
BIRGUNJ:- The meeting of the Central Working Committee of the Janata Samajwadi Party (JSP) Nepal is scheduled to be held
JAJARKOT:- Jajarkot-Dolpa road has been disrupted since this morning. Transport service has been halted after road disruption due to landslide
KATHMANDU:- The Supreme Court has stayed the government decision to amend standard on excavation of stones, pebbles, and their sales.