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Action to prevent risk: Half the country is at a standstill

KATHMANDU:- The District Administration Office and the local level are actively working to prevent the spread of COVID-19. The administration is issuing appropriate orders almost like a bandh. Implementing the orders and directives given by the government from time to time, the administration is working to prevent the infection by issuing prohibition orders using the powers given by the Infectious Diseases Act 2020 and the Local Administration Act 2028.

After analyzing the situation of Kovid-19 infection in the district, the administration is implementing it by issuing a bandh, issuing an order of complete or partial ban in the district, or other appropriate and necessary decisions. According to the information received from the Ministry of Home Affairs, such orders have been issued in 40 districts of the country. According to Premlal Lamichhane, information officer at the ministry, Kavrepalanchok, Nuwakot, and Kapilvastu have not yet imposed a ban on some places except the essential ones.

Chief District Officer of Kavrepalanchok, Shrawan Kumar Timilsina, informed that the services of crowded offices and public transport have been closed. He said that the municipalities themselves have stopped the service. It has been decided to open the market in a limited time. Private vehicles are open. The other 12 districts have issued partial bans while the rest have issued bans, Lamichhane said.

The government had announced the end of the bandh in Nepal from July 20. Due to the high risk of infection, Syangja district initially suspended non-essential services less than two days later, with effect from 8 July. “We have issued a restraining order since August 22 to curb the risk,” said Ganga Bahadur Chhetri, chief district officer of Syangja. “Now our situation is under control.”

According to him, two people have died and 305 have been infected in Syangja so far. At present, 20 people are in isolation. After that, the order was issued in Birgunj Municipal Corporation on July 25. On 19 July, the Parsa district came to a standstill.

In the three districts of Kathmandu Valley where the highest number of infections have been seen, a ban has been issued on non-essential activities for one week from today. Prior to that, the order was issued after the infection started spreading in Gorkha from August 20, says Tirtha Raj Bhattarai. He said that the ban was imposed due to pressure from the local level and preparations were made to open it next Sunday.

The local level and the administration have been active mainly to prevent the spread of Kovid-19 infection. Now the role of these bodies has increased. As per the instructions of the government and the Ministry of Home Affairs and using the authority given by the law, appropriate orders are issued in the districts on their own.

According to him, such a decision has already been taken in 40 districts. Other districts are also working with high caution. So far, the infection has spread to Province No. 2 the most. Lately, the rate of spread in the valley has been increasing rapidly.

According to the information received today, 200 people were found infected in the last 24 hours in the Kathmandu Valley alone. There are more than 700 positives in a day across the country. There are more than 29,000 infected people. Mortality is also rising.

The government had announced a bandh on March 26 to end the transition. After that, as human activity increased, the infection gradually gained momentum. After the spread, some districts had issued prohibition orders on various activities from the second week of July. The order, which started from different districts, has now been implemented in the Kathmandu Valley as well.

According to the Ministry of Home Affairs, prohibition orders have been issued in Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Bhaktapur, Saptari, Dhanusha, Banke, Bara, Parsa, Mahottari, Sarlahi, Jumla, Rautahat, Makwanpur, Dhading, Rukum West, Dhankuta, Tanahu, Udaipur, and Surkhet.

Similarly, prohibition orders have been issued in Chitwan, Dolakha, Nawalpurasi West, Nawalparasi, Bardaghat, Susta East, Gorkha, Sindhupalchok, Baglung, Siraha, Morang, Darchula, Jhapa, Aghankhanchi, Kaski, Rupandehi, Syangja, Baglung, Palpa, and Ramechhapal.

What sort of legal system is implemented? 

In paragraph 3 of the Local Administration Act 2028, the Chief District Officer has the right to prohibit anyone from doing any work if there is a possibility of disturbing the peace and security due to rioting or obstruction of any work or adverse effect on public health. Is given.

If there is a riot or unrest in any place or if there is a sufficient basis for it, the Chief District Officer may issue an order not to allow more than five people to gather in one place for the purpose of rioting or unrest. The Chief District Officer may impose a fine of up to five hundred rupees or imprisonment for up to one month or both for violating such order.

Similarly, the Infectious Diseases Act 2020 provides for imprisonment of up to one month or a fine of up to Rs 100 or both for violating the order. Similarly, those who obstruct the work under this act are liable to imprisonment for six months or a fine of up to Rs. 600 or both. Attempts have been made to prevent the infection by using the same authority. Public health experts say that citizens should also be aware of the use of health standards.

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